Job Insecurity and Turnover Intentions: Gender Differences and the Mediating Role of Work Engagement


METİN CAMGÖZ S., Ekmekci O. T., BAYHAN KARAPINAR P., Guler B. K.

SEX ROLES, vol.75, pp.583-598, 2016 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 75
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11199-016-0595-0
  • Journal Name: SEX ROLES
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.583-598
  • Keywords: Gender, Job insecurity, Work engagement, Turnover intention, Turkey, MODERATING ROLE, SEX-DIFFERENCES, CONSEQUENCES, ANTECEDENTS, DISTINCTION, RESOURCES, ATTITUDES, BEHAVIOR, DEMANDS, SUPPORT
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The present study tests an integrative model that considers differential gender effects for the mediating role of work engagement on the relationship between job insecurity and turnover intentions in a predominantly Muslim country. Job insecurity was divided into two aspects: general concerns about losing one's job and concerns about losing the privileges (such as career advancement, stimulating work, competence, and pay development) that come from one's specific job. Data were collected from 309 private banking employees (107 women, 202 men, with a mean age of 33.58) in Marmara region, Turkey. The results of multi-group path analysis partially support the hypotheses. The differential gender effects for the mediating effect of work engagement were supported only on the concerns about losing job privileges -> turnover intention linkage, but not on the concerns about losing the job itself -> turnover intention linkage. Moreover, the mediating effect of work engagement on the relationship between concerns about losing job privileges and turnover intention was found to be stronger for women than for men. For men, work engagement acts only as a partial mediator, suggesting that concerns about the loss of job privileges exerts its effects on turnover intentions both directly and indirectly. Although the direct effect of concerns about losing the job itself on turnover intention is significant, the indirect effect through work engagement turns out to be nonsignificant for both genders. Our findings are discussed considering the business environment in Turkey as a Muslim country.