Simultaneous phosphorus, nitrogen and dinitrotoluene removals in batch anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic sequentials


SPONZA D. T., Atalay H.

PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY, vol.40, no.1, pp.25-34, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.procbio.2003.11.029
  • Journal Name: PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.25-34
  • Keywords: phosphorus, nitrogen, dinitrotoluene, aerobic, anoxic, methanogenic, ANAEROBIC SLUDGE, AZO DYES, 2,4-DINITROTOLUENE, DENITRIFICATION, BIOTRANSFORMATION, BIODEGRADATION, NITRATE, IDENTIFICATION, DEGRADATION, DIGESTERS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The PO4-P concentration increased to 320 mg/l through the simultaneous chemical oxygen demand (COD), volatile fatty acid (VFA) consumption and dinitrotoluene (DNT) removal resulting in phosphorus release under anaerobic conditions. When the COD to NO3-N ratio was reduced to about 2.0, the organic fraction of wastewater was mainly converted to methane under NO3-N containing anoxic conditions. Both denitrification and PO4-P concentration began to increase when the methanogenesis has been completed, resulting in high N-2 gas productions. Through anoxic operation the Poly-P bacteria are capable of removing PO4-P using VFA, COD as carbon source and NO3-N as the electron acceptor after the denitrification process was mainly completed. With the influent COD of 3000 mg/l a total of the maximum removable PO4-P was 56 mg/l through 20 days of anoxic incubation, indicating 98% P removal in this reactor at PO4-P-taken up/NO3-N-consumed and PO4-P-taken up/CODconsumed ratios of 2.3-3.6 and 0.08-0.2. High NO3-N concentrations decreased P uptake significantly. Very low and very high COD concentrations such as 500 and 7000 mg/l cause a significant reduction of phosphorus uptake under anoxic conditions. DNT was degraded to NH4-N, aromatic amines and toluene through anaerobic condition while the aromatic amines, toluene and ammonia were ultimately mineralized under aerobic conditions throughout the sequential anaerobic/aerobic process. The 70% DNT removal efficiency were observed in anaerobic reactors while 37 and 0.05% DNT removal was obtained in anoxic P releasing and anoxic P taking-up conditions, respectively. No significant DNT removals (20%) was obtained through aerobic incubation while 50% DNT removal efficiency was obtained in sequential denitrification/P releasing anoxic conditions. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.