Functional capacity, physical activity, and arterial stiffness in patients with systemic sclerosis


Tanriverdi A., ÖZCAN KAHRAMAN B., Sezgin N. H., Erez Y., ACAR S., BİRLİK A. M., ...More

Clinical Rheumatology, vol.43, no.5, pp.1657-1664, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10067-024-06953-0
  • Journal Name: Clinical Rheumatology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.1657-1664
  • Keywords: Arterial stiffness, Functional capacity, Physical activity, Systemic sclerosis
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objectives: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a complex immune-mediated connective tissue disease, involving skin manifestations, vascular features, and organ-based complications that may affect functional capacity and physical activity. Functional capacity and physical activity are associated with arterial stiffness; however, this relationship has not been evaluated in patients with SSc. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the association of functional capacity and physical activity with arterial stiffness in patients with SSc. Methods: Sixty-five patients with SSc were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Arterial stiffness was evaluated with carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV). Functional capacity and physical activity were assessed with a six-min walk test (6MWT) and International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF), respectively. Results: All participants were women, and the mean age was 54.91 ± 11.18 years. 6MWT distance and IPAQ-SF were inversely associated with cf-PWV in crude analysis (p < 0.05). The relationship between 6MWT distance and cf-PWV was maintained in the fully adjusted model (β = − 0.007, 95% CI, − 0.013 to 0.000). Similarly, the association between IPAQ-SF and cf-PWV remained significant in the fully adjusted model (β = − 0.001, 95% CI, − 0.002 to − 0.001). Conclusion: The present study indicates that functional capacity and self-reported physical activity are independently associated with arterial stiffness in patients with SSc. Exercise interventions targeted to increase functional capacity and physical activity may help to regulate arterial stiffness in patients with SSc. (Table presented.).