Evaluation of some antioxidant enzymes in lung carcinoma tissue

Guner G., İŞLEKEL G. H., Oto O., Hazan E., Acikel U.

CANCER LETTERS, vol.103, no.2, pp.233-239, 1996 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 103 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/0304-3835(96)04226-7
  • Journal Name: CANCER LETTERS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.233-239
  • Keywords: lung carcinoma, superoxide dismutase, catalase, antioxidant enzymes, SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE ACTIVITY, GLUTATHIONE-PEROXIDASE, LIPID-PEROXIDATION, CATALASE, CANCER, TUMORS, ASSAY, BLOOD
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


This investigation was effected to determine the levels of the two antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD) (EC and catalase (CAT) (EC in lung cancerous tissues and to compare with normal lung tissue in order to evaluate the antioxidant status in lung cancer. Fifteen lung carcinoma tissue samples and the normal counterparts from the same cases were homogenized and the cytosols obtained by ultracentrifugation (100 000 x g). SOD was assayed using a modification of the indirect nitroblue tetrazolium assay method, while CAT was measured by a spectrophotometric method. The data obtained are as follows: 1.42 +/- 0.24 U/mg protein (means +/- SEM) of SOD in lung cancer and 3.13 +/- 0.51 U/mg protein in normal lung tissue and 33.53 +/- 6.09 U/mg protein of CAT in lung cancer and 71.33 +/- 14.38 in normal lung tissue. The differences were found to be significant at the level of P < 0.01 for both enzymes. These low levels of the antioxidant enzymes in lung cancerous tissues can lead to elevated levels of reactive oxygen metabolites, resulting in damage to the key subcellular structures such as DNA, cell membranes, and other vital cellular components.