Identification of local camel populations in Turkiye using morphological, genetic, and breeding info

Gültekin A. K., ÖZDEMİR D., Bener L., Toparslan E., Yilmaz M., Çağli A., ...More

Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol.55, no.5, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11250-023-03711-3
  • Journal Name: Tropical Animal Health and Production
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Environment Index, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Body measurements, Camel breeding, Genetic characterization, Livestock history, SSR markers, Three-dimensional modeling
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to investigate the demographic, morphological, and genetic characteristics of local camel populations reared in the Turkiye provinces of Aydin, Denizli, and Antalya, which have a long history of camel breeding. Although Turkiye has an old history of camel breeding in its historical process, the number of scientific studies aimed at identifying camel populations in Turkiye is almost negligible. In this study, local camel populations in Aydin, Denizli, and Antalya cities of Turkiye were examined in three dimensions as demographic, morphological, and genetic. A face-to-face survey of 117 breeders was used to determine demographic definitions. While the region where local camels were detected the most was determined as Antalya Region with 78.6%, it was determined that 82.6% of the breeders participating in the survey preferred to breed camels due to their docile temperament. Body measurements were made on 45 camels for morphological identification. Moreover, DNA were sampled with oral swabs from 57 camels for phylogenetic analyses using 16 SSR microsatellite loci to identify the genetic structure of local camel populations. The genetic analyses using SSR markers revealed that the camel populations in the Antalya region had a considerably more isolated genetic structure than the Aydin and Denizli populations, and consequently, these populations may be regarded the native camel population.