Free-Standing Networks of Core-Shell Metal and Metal Oxide Nanotubes for Glucose Sensing

Muench F., Sun L., Kottakkat T., Antoni M., Schaefer S., Kunz U., ...More

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, vol.9, no.1, pp.771-781, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acsami.6b13979
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.771-781
  • Keywords: electroless plating metal nanotubes, core-shell nanostructures, ion-track technology, Kirkendall effect, enzyme-free glucose sensing, ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION, TRANSPARENT ELECTRODES, METHANOL OXIDATION, NANOWIRE NETWORKS, MICA TEMPLATES, GOLD NANOWIRES, ARRAYS, NICKEL, MECHANISM, FILMS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Nanotube assemblies represent an emerging class of advanced functional materials, whose utility is however hampered by intricate production processes. In this work, three classes of nanotube networks (monometallic, bimetallic, and metal oxide) are synthesized solely using facile redox reactions and Commercially available ion track membranes. First,, the disordered pores of an ion track membrane are widened by chemical etching; resulting in the formation of a strongly interconnected pore network. Replicating this template structure with electroless copper plating yields a monolithic film composed, of crossing metal nanotubes. We show that the parent material can be easily transformed into bimetallic or oxidic derivatives by applying a second electroless plating or thermal oxidation step. These treatments retain the monolithic network structure but result in the formation of core shell nanotubes of altered composition (thermal oxidation: Cu2O-CuO); electroless nickel coating: Cu-Ni). The obtained nanomaterials are applied in the enzyme-free electrochemical detection of glucose, showing very high sensitivities between 2.27 and 2.83 A M-1 cm(-2). Depending on the-material composition, varying reactivities were observed: While copper oxidation reduces the response to glucose, it is increased in the case of nickel modification, albeit at the cost of decreased. selectivity. The performance of the materials is explained by the network architecture, which combines the advantages of one-dimensional nano-objects (continuous, conduction pathways, high surface area) with those of a self-supporting, open-porous superstructure (binder-free catalyst layer, efficient diffusion). In summary, this novel synthetic approach provides a fast, scalable, and flexible route toward free-standing nanotube arrays of high compositional complexity.