Formal thought disorder in first-episode psychosis


Ayer A., Yalincetin B., Aydinli E., Sevilmis S., Ulas H., BİNBAY İ. T., ...More

COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHIATRY, vol.70, pp.209-215, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 70
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2016.08.005
  • Journal Name: COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHIATRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.209-215
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Formal thought disorder (FTD) is one of the fundamental symptom clusters of schizophrenia and it was found to be the strongest predictor determining conversion from first-episode acute transient psychotic disorder to schizophrenia. Our goal in the present study was to compare a first-episode psychosis (FEP) sample to a healthy control group in relation to subtypes of FTD. Fifty six patients aged between 15 and 45 years with FEP and forty five control subjects were included in the study. All the patients were under medication for less than six weeks or drug-naive. FTD was assessed using the Thought and Language Index (TLI), which is composed of impoverishment of thought and disorganization of thought subscales. FEP patients showed significantly higher scores on the items of poverty of speech, weakening of goal, perseveration, looseness, peculiar word use, peculiar sentence construction and peculiar logic compared to controls. Poverty of speech, perseveration and peculiar word use were the significant factors differentiating FEP patients from controls when controlling for years of education, family history of psychosis and drug abuse. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.