Air permability of worsted fabrics


Özdemir H.

INDUSTRIA TEXTILA, vol.69, no.4, pp.322-327, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.35530/it.069.04.1448
  • Journal Name: INDUSTRIA TEXTILA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.322-327
  • Keywords: air permeability, worsted fabrics, woven fabrics weave, yam density, porosity, WOVEN FABRICS, COMFORT PROPERTIES, PERMEABILITY, PARAMETERS, POROSITY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Comfort is one of the most important aspects of clothing. Air permeability, one of the comfort charectaristics of fabrics. depends mainly on the fabric structure, which can be described by weave and yam density. In this study. 16 worsted woven fabric samples were produced for winter clothing using eight frequently implemented weave types together with one warp density (28 ends/cm) and two weft densities (25 and 28 picks/cm). Additonally, semi-dull finish was applied on raw fabrics. Results revealed the effect of weave, weft yarn density and finishing process on air permeability of woven fabrics. 2/2 twill woven fabric, whose porosity is the lowest, have the lowest air permeability properties. therefore it is more convenient for winter clothing. It is observed that in all weave types, an increase at weft setting caused to decrease in air permeability and porosity values. Finishing process also leads to decreasesin porosity thereby to decrease air permeability property.