Investigation of The Effect of Nursing Students' Coronavirus Fear On Their Coronavirus Anxiety, Learning and Study Approaches


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KAYA Ç., BİLİK Ö.

Gevher Nesibe Journal of Medical & Health Sciences, vol.7, no.20, pp.99-110, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate the effect of nursing students’ coronavirus fear on their coronavirus anxiety, learning and study approaches.

Method: It is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. The study was conducted with 217 nursing students studying at the Faculty of Health Sciences of a university  and participating voluntarily in the research. Research data were collected with the participant information form, “the Fear of Covid-19 Scale”, “the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS)”, “the Approaches to Learning and Studying Inventory (ALSI)” between February 5 and March 31, 2021. Data were evaluated with frequency analysis, mean, standard deviation, t-test, Kruskal-Wallis, One-Way ANOVA and Mann-Whitney U test, Spearman's correlation, and simple linear regression analysis.

Results: In the study, 76.5% (n=166) of the students stated that online education did not meet their learning goals, 57.1% (n=124) stated that their willingness to  attend online courses was not sufficient, 44.2% (n=96) stated that their education processes were adversely affected due to Covid-19, 29.5% (n=172) stated that lack  of clinical practice negatively affected the learning and development of profession-specific skills, and 17.3% (n=144) of the students stated that face-to-face education was more effective. It was determined that the students' Covid-19 fear levels were at a moderate level (17.98±6.29), their ALSI total mean scores were 61.49± 11.78,  and they preferred to use the deep learning approach the most. The cut-off value of the CAS total score of 7% of participants was found to be above 9. It was  determined that there was a weak positive correlation between the fear of Covid-19 and the surface approach sub-dimension (r=.362, p<.05), and a very weak positive correlation between coronavirus anxiety and the surface approach sub-dimension (r=175, p<.05).

Conclusion: This study showed that the education processes of nursing students were adversely affected and they experienced various problems during the pandemic  period. It was determined that as the fear of Covid-19 increased, the anxiety levels of the students increased and they were directed to the surface learning approach. 

Keywords: Coronavirus Anxiety, Fear of Covid-19, Learning and Study Approaches, Nursing Students