Representation of Women in Politics: Political Parties and Independents


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Efe Güney M., Ayhan Selçuk İ.

in: Recent Evaluations on Humanities and Social Sciences, Berrin Ceylan Ataman,Gülçin Taşkıran, Editor, IJOPEC Publication Limited, London, pp.97-115, 2019

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Publisher: IJOPEC Publication Limited
  • City: London
  • Page Numbers: pp.97-115
  • Editors: Berrin Ceylan Ataman,Gülçin Taşkıran, Editor
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Article 83 of the Law on Political Parties states that “political parties cannot act against the principle that everyone is equal before the law regardless of language, race, color, sex, political opinion, philosophical belief, religion, sect and similar reasons”. This article is based on Article 10 of the Constitution which provides equality of everyone before the law. In parallel, in the Beijing Action Platform that has been accepted in the World Women’s Conference IV to which to which Turkey is also included, it was stated that “obstacles to women’s equal participation in private and public life can be eliminated through women’s participation in political decision-making positions and mechanisms”. Despite these binding factors, sense of politics in Turkey causes political roles and participation of women to be limited with majorly as voters. Even, there is no obligation in the Law on Political Parties for the parties to nominate women candidates. It was observed that whether the year, the province or the name of the party changes, the names of many candidates repeated; almost the same names have been observed in the process of continuous nomination. In addition to the fact that politicians are the same, other important factors of why women remain as voters in politics are; grand parties generally elect men for membership of general provincial councils while small scale parties try to elect women and those parties which are accepted to participate in elections do not present women and/or men candidates in each province and town, in other words those are the areas to which political parties do not show interest in. In this context, this study examined the number of parties and independent candidates who were elected in the 2009 and 2014 local elections and in the 2011 and 2015 general elections. In the study process, SPSS; ArcGIS programs were used for analyzing the data regarding electoral period. This study reveals the fact that the reason why some of the parties do not nominate any candidates for some provinces could be explained by NUTS 1 and NUTS 2 Regions (Classification of Statistical Region Units) and in parallel, it also reveals how to prevent the active participation of women in politics in these provinces districts where women are not nominated and also the status of independent candidates. The results contribute to gender mainstreaming studies by associating the total population of provinces with and without candidate nominations to the female population and to the ratio of participation of women in business life.