Graffiti tardocinquecenteschi di prigionieri nella torre meridionale della fortezza di Rumeli Hisarı, a Istanbul (Turchia)

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Buora M., Laflı E., Çağlayan D.

Quaderni friuliani archeologia , vol.32, no.1, pp.185-193, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: Quaderni friuliani archeologia
  • Journal Indexes: Other Indexes
  • Page Numbers: pp.185-193
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Late 16th century graffiti of prisoners in the southern tower of the Rumeli hisari fortress (Turkey). In the fifth floor of the southern tower of the Rumeli hisari fortress, on the shore of the Bosphorus, built by Muhammad II in anticipation of the final assault against Constantinople, prisoners captured during the long thirteen years war (1593-1606) and afterwards were imprisoned. We have some of the names graffitied on the stone boulders of the cells in which they were imprisoned. Reported in a volume of 1918 by Bertrand Bareilles, they have never been published in their entirety. Not all of them can be easily read. Some people appear to have been of high social status (probably an ambassador, a pharmacist, a treasurer). Their provenance is quite varied: from what they write we know that they came from present-day Slovakia, from Swabia, from Italy (Siena). Their deciphering and publication offers a new document for a better understanding of the complex relations between the Christian world and the Islamic world during the thirteen years war (1593-1606) and immediately after. Keywords: Ottoman Empire; Rumeli hisari; prisoners of war; graffiti.