Hayvan Koruma Kavramı ve Biyoetik Çerçevesinde Yaban Hayatı Koruma ve Yaban Hayatı Geliştirme Sahaları


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Aslım G., Yiğit A., İzmirli S., Yaşar A.

KAFKAS UNIVERSITESI VETERINER FAKULTESI DERGISI, vol.18, no.4, pp.657-662, 2012 (SCI-Expanded)

Abstract

The future of environment run into risk by human activities is an important issue of present days which also covers ethics and deontological aspects. Related acts as well as ethical approaches concerning with topic will be beneficial to solve the above issue. The process of Wildlife Protection and Improvement Areas has been evolved with different arrangements since 1966, in Turkey. This study aimed to evaluate the Wildlife Protection and Improvement Areas in terms of bioethics and animal protection. The study materials consisted of animal protection and local acts of wildlife (Animal Protection Act, Land Hunting Law, Fisheries Law, Decree - Law Regarding Special Environment Protection Areas, and National Parks Law), as well as several Treaties Ratified by Turkey (BERN, CITES, Ramsar and Biodiversity). Turkey has too many protection areas in various statute, such as; National Park, Nature Park, Natural Reserve Area, Natural Protected Area, Special Environment Protection, Internationally Important Wetland, Wildlife Protection and Improvement Areas. In total, it was determined 109 Wildlife Protection Areas and 79 Wildlife Improvement Areas, as well. However, 11 animal species and waterfowls have been taken under protection in Wildlife Improvement Areas. It was also emerged that the numbers of wild animals has increased and remarkable improvements have been occurred at this period in the Wildlife Improvement Areas by launching new acts. The wild animal species which are face to face with reducing generation or die out, are taken protection and some are being breeding in their natural area without giving harm to their ecosystem in accordance with Land Hunting Act. To fulfill respective aims, a protection of delicate natural balance and warrant of biodiversity are both necessary measures. In conclusion, it may be expressed the national arrangements that takes into consideration the international conventions, contributes to wildlife protection. Moreover, Turkey needs to be increased concerning studies in this respect. As a result, it can be implied that zoo-centric approach which based on the value, importance and rights of the entities should be become widespread in the Turkish society