Correlation of Clinical and Imaging Findings in Early-Onset Alzheimer's Patients with Distinct Initial Symptoms


Özçelik S., Yiğit P., Bozdemir T. C., Çapa Kaya G., Yıldırım Z., Tee B. L., ...More

Alzheimer's Association International Conference, Pennsylvania, United States Of America, 28 July - 01 August 2024

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Unpublished
  • City: Pennsylvania
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Early-onset Alzheimer’s disease (EOAD), distinct from late-onset cases, tends to present with atypical cognitive decline, such as, progressive aphasia, apraxia, visuospatial and comportmental impairments,. This study aims to investigate correlations between clinical presentation and PET imaging findings in EOAD patients. Method: A retrospective analysis was conducted on CSF confirmed EOAD patients. Clinical assessments incorporated ACE-R cognitive tests, MRI and FDG-18 PET CT. MRIs were rated by an experienced neurologist using the Visual Atrophy Scale (VAS). Patients were stratified based on clinical presentation, and correlations between ACE-R domains and PET indices were examined. FDG-18 PET index was calculated as the count number (CN) of the same regions evaluated in VAS divided by CN of their cerebellum. Result: Nineteen patients (57.9% women) with a mean age at disease onset 55.7 (±6.57 StD) years participated. The mean disease duration was 5.1 (±3.14 StD) years. In the typical amnestic group (n=8); ACE-R total scores (52.63±15.3 StD) exhibited correlations with left parietal (r: 0.775, p: 0.025) and left occipital PET indices (r: 0.825, p: 0.012). Moreover, total memory scores (9.13±7.4 StD) correlated with left anterior temporal (r: 0.848, p: 0.008), and repetition scores correlated with left parietal PET indices (r: 0.907, p: 0.005). In the amnestic subgroup (n=5), a notable correlation was found between retrograde memory scores and left anterior temporal PET index (r: 0.905, p: 0.035). In the visuospatial group (n=8) orientation scores with left anterior temporal (r: 0.092, p: 0.02), and writing scores with right occipital (r: 0.968, p: 0.07) and left parietal (r: 0.941, p: 0.017) was found correlated. The behavioral variant group (n=3) showed a correlation with right orbitofrontal PET activity (r: 0.99, p: 0.02). A significant difference in attention scores was noted between aphasia and amnestic groups (p = 0.032), with the amnestic group scoring higher (6.20 (4.50-10.50); 16.44 (11.50-17.75)). Conclusion: Distinct correlations emerged between cognitive domains and PET activity based on early symptoms in EOAD patients, emphasizing the intricate heterogeneity within EOAD. The findings offer valuable insights for personalized interventions and advance our understanding of the multifaceted manifestations in the EOAD spectrum.