Tailoring the optical properties of quantum ring irradiated by THz laser


Kilic D. G., Sakiroglu S., Ungan F., Yesilgul U., Kasapoglu E., Sari H., ...More

PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, vol.99, no.24, pp.3116-3132, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 99 Issue: 24
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14786435.2019.1651943
  • Journal Name: PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3116-3132
  • Keywords: Quantum ring, THz laser field, optical response, REFRACTIVE-INDEX CHANGES, 3RD HARMONIC-GENERATION, ELECTRIC-FIELD, MAGNETIC-FIELD, ABSORPTION-COEFFICIENTS, HYDROSTATIC-PRESSURE, DOT, 2ND, TRANSITIONS, RADIATION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study set out to introduce the optical nonlinearities of a intense laser-driven two-dimensional quantum ring subjected to external uniform magnetic field. Inclusion of the effect of non-resonant, high-frequency THz laser radiation is realised by the laser-dressed potential, whereas the total optical absorption coefficients, total relative refractive index changes and third-harmonic generation (THG) coefficient are inferred from the scheme of compact density-matrix formalism and iterative method. Our results reveal that the laser field smoothens the antidot region of the ring that consequences with remarkable modifications in the electronic structure and correspondingly the optical response of the system. We have found that the height and location of the resonant peaks of total optical absorption coefficient, total relative refractive index changes and THG coefficient can be controlled by the externally applied fields and system parameters. The tunability of the intersubband transitions could be beneficial for practical device application relying on the electronic optical transitions.