AN INNOVATIVE MATERIAL IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN: BIOPLASTIC


Dinç A., Altun T. D.

2nd INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM SERIES ON GRADUATE RESEARCHES 2023, İzmir, Turkey, 24 November 2023, pp.1

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: İzmir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.1
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Plastic, known for its damage to the environment, is the most preferred material by people because it is cheap and in large quantities. Nowadays, people who face problems such as increasing population, global warming, increase in the consumption of fossil fuels and environmental pollution are looking for new alternatives to solve these problems. The fact that the toxic gases released during the production and pro-cessing of petroleum-based plastics cause a greenhouse effect and that they remain intact for thousands of years when released into nature pose a threat to all living things. These problems have led people to search for an innovative solution and brought bioplastic production to the agenda. Bioplastic, an envi-ronmentally friendly material, is a sustainable material that is obtained from renewable carbon sources and is mostly biodegradable. Bioplastics, which can be produced from vegetable oils, plant starches and various microorganisms, can be destroyed in a short time and mixed with the soil when released into the environment due to the natural substances they contain. This material, which has a polymeric structure, is an innovative product that produces less greenhouse gases than traditional plastics, saves energy, has no toxic effects, and is compostable. Within the scope of this study, Ulva sp., which accumulates in seawater at certain times and causes pollution in Gulf of Izmir. The aim is to produce bioplastic with olive waste water, which is produced during olive production with algae and is a waste that is harmful to the environment. Within the scope of the research, algae, which is considered a bad waste in the environment, and olive oil mill waste water, which is an industrial waste, will be evaluated and architectural design potentials will be investigated with an ecological approach and in line with the principle of sustainability.