Use and Evaluation of Newly Synthesized Fluorescence Probes to Detect Generated OHaEuro cent Radicals in Fibroblast Cells


Salimi R., YENER N., Safari R.

JOURNAL OF FLUORESCENCE, vol.26, no.3, pp.919-924, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10895-016-1780-9
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF FLUORESCENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.919-924
  • Keywords: Fluorescence Probes, OH center dot radicals, 2-[6-(4 V-Hydroxy) phenoxy-3H-xanthen-3-on-9-yl]benzoic acid (HPF), Coumarin-3-carboxylic acid (3-CCA), REACTIVE OXYGEN, HYDROXYL RADICALS, FLUOROMETRIC ASSAY, ANTIOXIDANTS, RADIATION, COUMARIN, DAMAGE, ACID, VIVO
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are pro-oxidant molecules synthesized in body with various functions and are essential for life. Increasing in reactive oxygen species or decreasing in antioxidants level cause oxidative stress which is very harmful. OHaEuro cent radical is one of ROS's, with tendency to bind to lipids, DNA and proteins which cause irreversible damage in cells. The most devastating consequences related to excess OHaEuro cent radicals occur via direct binding to nucleic acids and proteins. Quantification of this high reactive radical with short life time is difficult. Electron Spin Resonance, Fluorescence, and Luminescence Spectroscopy are commonly used to determine the level of ROS. Fluorescence Probes have higher specificity and sensitivity with their excellent sensors to detect ROS's compare to the other methods. Also, there are different probes specifically designed for each radical. The purpose of this study was to identify the probe better suiting for detection of OHaEuro cent radical levels. The two most recommended fluorescence probes, 2-[6-(4 V-Hydroxy) phenoxy-3H-xanthen-3-on-9-yl]benzoic acid (HPF) and coumarin-3-carboxylic acid (3-CCA) to determine OHaEuro cent radical levels were compared. Following the formation of OHaEuro cent radical with Fenton reaction, HPF and 3-CCA probes were added to cells and spectrofluorometric measurements were performed in their respective wavelengths. The mean amplitude of fluorescence for HPF was 32.72 +/- 2.37 F.I (n = 40) and for 3-CCA was 52.11 +/- 0.5 F.I (n = 40). This difference was statistically significant. 3-CCA also demonstrated more stable measurements at different days compered to HPF.