Biodistribution of radiolabeled alpha-amanitin in mice: An Investigation


Toxicon, vol.241, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 241
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2024.107661
  • Journal Name: Toxicon
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Alpha-amanitin, Amanita phalloides, I-131, In vivo biodistribution, Toxicity
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Mushroom poisonings caused by Amanita phalloides are the leading cause of mushroom-related deaths worldwide. Alpha-Amanitin (α-AMA), a toxic substance present in these mushrooms, is responsible for the resulting hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. The objective of our study was to determine the distribution of α-AMA in Balb/c mice by labeling with Iodine-131. Mice were injected with a toxic dose (1.4 mg/kg) of α-AMA labeled with Iodine-131. The mice were sacrificed at the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 8th, 24th, and 48th hours under anesthesia. The organs of the mice were removed, and their biodistribution was assessed in all experiments. The percent injected dose per gram (ID/g %) value for kidney, liver, lung, and heart tissues at 1st hour were 1.59 ± 0.07, 1.25 ± 0.33, 3.67 ± 0.80 and 1.07 ± 0.01 respectively. This study provides insights into the potential long-term effects of α-AMA accumulation in specific organs. Additionally, this study has generated essential data that can be used to demonstrate the impact of antidotes on the biological distribution of α-AMA in future toxicity models.