The antioxidant response system of Phanerochaete chrysosporium against menadione-induced oxidative stress was investigated in this study. The superoxide anion radical levels in tested menadionesupplemented conditions generally decreased over the incubation period. The level of hydrogen peroxide and the activities of NAD(P)H oxidase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) were higher than those in the controls at all incubation times. The highest NADH and NADPH oxidase activities were determined to be 4.9- and 5.0-fold higher than those in the control, respectively in cells exposed to 0.75 mM menadione. The SOD and CAT activities increased with increasing menadione, and their highest activities were 5.4- and 5.1-fold higher than those in the control, respectively. In 0.1-0.5 mM menadione exposed cells, the lipid peroxidation levels did not change significantly when compared to each other, except 8th hour of incubation (p >0.01). Our result shows that although menadione induces the formation of reactive oxygen species, the antioxidant response system of P. Chrysosporium is able to negate menadione-induced oxidative stress up to relatively high menadione concentrations, as 0.75 mM. These results are important to determine the effects of menadione, as a medicine, on the antioxidant response system of eukaryotic models and the resulting level of damage. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.