Side lobe reduction of reflection events to improve low frequency content


73rd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2011: Unconventional Resources and the Role of Technology. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2011, vol.6, pp.4275-4279, 2011 (Scopus) identifier


In a seismic trace the location of a reflector is indicated by a reflection wavelet which consists of a main lobe, indicating the location of the reflectors, surrounded by side lobes which add no extra information. Side lobes are result from the lack of the low frequency content in a reflection wavelet. The aim of the study is to reduce side lobes by using the complex trace envelope and thus improve low frequency content of a seismic trace. The method is based on comparing the energies in the reflection events in a seismic trace, with the energies in the reflection events in the addition and subtraction of a seismic trace with the envelope trace. The resulting polarity table is applied to the envelope trace and the result is an envelope trace that has positive valued reflection events and negative valued reflection events in agreement with the corresponding reflection coefficient. The result is that the main lobe in the seismic trace is increased whereas the side lobes are diminished. Tests are done on synthetic and real data. Consequently low frequency content is improved and it may be stated that resolution and interpretability of the seismic data are increased.