Nonverbal intelligence of soccer players according to their level of play


2nd World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES-2010), İstanbul, Turkey, 4 - 08 February 2010, vol.2, pp.1114-1120 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 2
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.157
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.1114-1120
  • Keywords: Nonverbal intelligence, soccer, soccer player, level of play, EXPERTISE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this study was to investigate the nonverbal intelligence of soccer players according to their level of play. For this purpose, data were collected from 312 male soccer players (aged 14.71 +/- 1.38 years). using adapted version of the TONI-2. Collected data was analyzed by ANOVA and LSD Test for comparisons of significant differences. Analysis revealed the significant differences between A, B and C Level of Soccer players (p<.02). It seems that TONI-2 points go up with the increase of age and level of play. However, future researchers could control the level of play for each age group to have more conclusive results in soccer. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.