Applications of Fuel Cell Technologies in Ships and Analysis with System Dynamics Approach


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Korkmaz S. A., Cerit A. G.

THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON GLOBALINTERNATIONAL ON INNOVATION IN MARINE TECHNOLOGY AND THE FUTURE OF MARITIMETRANSPORTATION, Muğla, Turkey, 24 - 25 October 2016, pp.42-56

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Muğla
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.42-56
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Research and development activities focus on different technologies that are related with reducing ship based exhaust emissions because of rapidly decreasing fossil fuel sources and increasing sensitivity about energy security and environmental issues. One of the most important of these technologies is the application of hydrogen energy in ships. Recent studies about the subject are mainly focused on developing fuel cell technologies on board. Even though the production and integration of fuel cell systems are still quite expensive, the system is being used in different applications in various areas of the maritime industry. Fuel cell technologies are used in submarines, commercial ships, yachts, ports and many areas of maritime industry not only as an auxiliary power unit but also as a main power plant. In this study, types of the fuel cell technologies and their working principles are introduced. Theoretical and practical applications of the fuel cell technologies on board are examined. Reviewed applications are considered and fuel cell selection criterias are decided by using systems dynamics approach which reveals a comparison among fuel cell technologies according to technical and operational, environmental, economical and safety issues.