A Qualitative Study: What Did Say the Patients with Total Knee Arthroplasty About Their Lived Experiences

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Kaya C., BİLİK Ö.

CYPRUS JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, vol.7, no.1, pp.102-108, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.4274/cjms.2020.2102
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.102-108
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients may experience problems before and after total knee arthroplasty. To provide adequate support, it is necessary to understand a patient's experiences. In order to understand the experiences of total knee arthroplasty patients in the preoperative and postoperative periods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive qualitative approach, one of the purposeful sampling methods criterion sampling method and semistructured interview form was used in this study. In-depth interviews were conducted with 17 patients who met the sampling criteria. Data analysis was performed using descriptive analysis method. RESULTS: Three categories and nine themes were determined. Categories were "reasons affecting the decision to undergo the surgery", "effect of surgery decision on the individual", "effects of surgery on individuals". Themes were "effects of osteoarthritis on quality of life (knee pain and its effects)", "ineffective conservative treatment modalities", "feelings about surgery (fear, sorrow, despair, and worry)", "lack of information about the surgery", "postoperative pain", "difficulties in walking and in performing exercises and physical activities due to postoperative pain", "fear of falling in postoperative period", "satisfaction with surgical outcomes", "lack of information of the postoperative process". CONCLUSION: The most obvious patient problems in the preoperative and postoperative periods were knee pain and its effects, and patients experienced fear of falling in the postoperative period. The pain and mostly the information they obtained from their environment helped patients decide whether to undergo surgery, but were less informed about issues in the postoperative period.