An Application of the MARCOS Method Within the Framework of Sustainability to Determine the Optimum Recycled Fibre‑Containing Fabric

Tama Birkocak D., Acar E., Çetmeli Bakadur A., Ütebay B., Özdağoğlu A.

FIBERS AND POLYMERS, vol.24, pp.1-14, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12221-023-00197-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-14
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Abstract This study aims to determine the best fabric structure containing recycled fbre for a daily use summer t-shirt considering the physical and comfort properties through a multi-criteria decision making methodology. Herein, 12 cotton fabric and 12 polyester fabric structures contained diferent blend ratios of virgin fbre, recycled fbre and elastane were generated. Alternatives were tested according to the 10 criteria assessed by 20 experts and were ranked Measurement of Alternatives and Ranking according to the Compromise Solution (MARCOS) method. The air permeability and mass per unit area were weighted as the two most important criteria. Supportively, 80/20% BCI Co/ r-Co blended fabric (A11) among cotton alternatives, 100% r-PET blended fabric (A21) among polyester alternatives were ranked as the best fabric alternatives providing desired test results. Furthermore, it was determined that composition ratios of the fabric had no direct efect on ranking. This study proved that MARCOS method is a convenient and useful tool under the conditions of fnite alternatives and conficting criteria. Keywords Recycled PET · Recycled cotton · Sustainability · MCDM · Marcos method