Soft Bottom Molluscan Assemblages of the Bathyal Zone of the Sea of Marmara


DOĞAN A., ÖZTÜRK B., Bitlis-Bakir B., Turkcu N.

MEDITERRANEAN MARINE SCIENCE, vol.17, no.3, pp.678-691, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.12681/mms.1748
  • Journal Name: MEDITERRANEAN MARINE SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.678-691
  • Keywords: Mollusca, Bathyal zone, New records, Taxonomy, Ecology, Distribution, Sea of Marmara, MEDITERRANEAN SEA, COLD SEEP, COMMUNITY, BIVALVIA, BAY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study deals with the soft bottom molluscan species collected from the bathyal zone of the Sea of Marmara in 2013. Replicated samples were taken using a Box Core, sampling an area of 0.1 m(2) at 31 stations along two depth transects, 500 and 1000 m. A total of 1229 individuals belonging to 4 classes and 28 species were collected. Two species (Akritogyra conspicua and Liostomia hansgei) are new records for the marine molluscan fauna of Turkey and four species (Benthonella tenella, Odostomia silesui, Syrnola minuta and Crenilabium exile) are new records for the molluscan fauna of the Sea of Marmara. A relatively richer fauna was determined at a depth of 500 m (25 species) compared to 1000 m (17 species). The most dominant species at 500 m and 1000 m depths were Crenilabium exile and Parthenina flexuosa, respectively. Number of species and number of individuals varied significantly only between depths, while number of individuals changed significantly among basins (ANOVA test). A significant difference in species assemblages between the Tekirdag and the Central Basins was detected (ANOSIM test). Multivariate analysis showed that depth was the main factor influencing the molluscan assemblages in the area.