Old is bad? The effect of age on peripheral stem cell mobilization and transplantation outcomes

Başcı S., Bakırtaş M., Uncu Ulu B., Yiğenoğlu T. N., Yaman S., Batgi H., ...More

Transfusion and Apheresis Science, vol.60, no.1, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.transci.2020.103007
  • Journal Name: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Allogeneic stem cell transplantation, CD34+ cells, Donor, Stem cell mobilization
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No


Introduction: Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (Allo-SCT) is a well-established treatment option for hematological malignancies. With the introduction of reduced-intensity conditioning regimens (RIC) and better supportive measures the elderly are able to receive Allo-SCT. A considerable number of patients are elderly, and often their HLA matched sibling donor is elderly, moreover. Here, we aim to explore the effect of donors’ age on stem cell harvesting, engraftment duration after Allo-SCT, and product quality. Method: Sixty-one healthy allogeneic stem cell donors aged 50 years and older who underwent stem cell mobilization at our center between 2009–2019 were enrolled for the study. All donors received 4–5 days of G-CSF, mostly filgrastim or lenograstim and their biosimilar equivalents were given subcutaneously as a total dose of 10 mcg/kg/day. Groups were separated into three groups as aged 50–54 group A, 55–59 group B, aged 60 and older group C. Results: Pre-apheresis peripheral blood CD34+ count was similar all groups (p = 0.2). One day apheresis was sufficient for 72.7 % of group A, 27.3 % for group B and 47.1 % for group C (p = 0.02). Total harvested CD34+ cells were comparable among groups (p = 0.5). Conclusion: Adequate stem cell harvest in older donors is feasible. Older donors may require more than one apheresis procedure and generally procedure was well tolerated. When assessing donors, age should represent less significance.