Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Anatolian lizard Apathya (Squamata, Lacertidae)


Kapli P., Botoni D., ILGAZ Ç., KUMLUTAŞ Y., AVCI A., Rastegar-Pouyani N., ...More

MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION, vol.66, no.3, pp.992-1001, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 66 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.12.002
  • Journal Name: MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.992-1001
  • Keywords: Anatolian Diagonal, Divergence times, Mitochondrial DNA, Molecular systematics, Nuclear DNA, Phylogeography, MITOCHONDRIAL-DNA, BAYESIAN-INFERENCE, GENETIC DIVERSITY, GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, LATE MIOCENE, PHYLOGEOGRAPHY, IBEROLACERTA, EVOLUTION, REPTILIA, SAURIA
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Apathya is a lacertid genus occurring mainly in south-east Turkey and its adjacent regions (part of Iran and Iraq). So far two morphological species have been attributed to the genus; A. cappadocica (with five subspecies, A. c. cappadocica, A. c. muhtari, A. c. schmidtlerorum, A. c. urmiana and A. c. wolteri) and A. yassujica. The first species occupies most of the genus' distribution range, while A. yassujica is endemic of the Zagros Mountains. Here, we explored Apathya's taxonomy and investigated the evolutionary history of the species by employing phylogenetic and phylogeographic approaches and using both mitochondrial (mtDNA) and nuclear markers. The phylogenetic relationships and the genetic distances retrieved, revealed that Apathya is a highly variable genus, which parallels its high morphological variation. Such levels of morphological and genetic differentiation often exceed those between species of other Lacertini genera that are already treated as full species, suggesting the necessity for a taxonomic revision of Apathya. The phylogeographical scenario emerging from the genetic data suggests that the present distribution of the genus was determined by a combination of dispersal and vicariance events between Anatolia and Southwest Asia dating back to the Miocene and continuing up to the Pleistocene. Key geological events for the understanding of the phylogeography of the genus are the movement of the Arabian plate that led to the configuration of Middle East (orogenesis of the mountain ranges of Turkey and Iran) and the formation of Anatolian Diagonal. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.