Modelling the cross-sectional properties of yarn along the fabric


Vlakna a Textil, vol.26, no.1, pp.24-29, 2019 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Journal Name: Vlakna a Textil
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.24-29
  • Keywords: Woven fabric, Yarn cross-section, Yarn diameter, Yarn path
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


© 2019 Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava. All rights reserved.Three dimensional (3-D) fabric geometry defines the fabric’s physical and mechanical properties. For this reason, it is important to obtain realistic fabric models. In this study, the yarn path of the woven fabric was modeled according to structural properties of fabric using Pierce geometry. On the other hand, the cross-sectional properties of the yarn along the weave unit were modeled depending on the movement of the yarn and the interactions between adjacent and perpendicular yarns. The yarn path was divided into regions and the cross-section of the yarn was defined according to region properties. By an experimental study, the variation of the yarn dimension at each region was measurement and the flattening ratio of yarn was determined. These data were used in the cross-section model. The simulations of yarn path and cross-sectional models were obtained by using SolidWorks. These simulations present the variation of yarn cross-section along the weave unit.