Characteristics of smoking behavior among poor pregnant women in İzmir, Turkey: A qualitative study

Dokuzcan D. A., Aydoğdu N. G.

Turkish Thoracic Journal, vol.22, no.3, pp.217-223, 2021 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/ttj.2021.20046
  • Journal Name: Turkish Thoracic Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.217-223
  • Keywords: Poverty, Pregnancy, Qualitative study, Smoking cessation
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No


© 2021 by Turkish Thoracic Society.OBJECTIVE: Despite the negative aspects of cigarette use on pregnant, the level of smoking is extremely high among low-income women during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study which has been conducted using an in-depth individual interview method, qualitatively explores and describes the characteristics of smoking behavior among poor pregnant women in Izmir, Turkey. A conventional content analysis method was used in the data analysis. Twelve pregnant women who smoked at least 1 cigarette a day and had $4 daily income were chosen as participants in this study. Interviews were recorded using a voice recorder, and the average duration of the interviews was 31 min. RESULTS: The smoking behavior of poor pregnant women is classified under 2 themes: “Individual attitudes and behavior” an“Interpersonal factors.” CONCLUSION: Public health nurses should include smoking/non-smoking criteria in their routine check-ups and follow up with pregnant women while undertaking the role of educator and counseling regarding smoking cessation.