The objective of this study was to compare dewatering properties of chemically conditioned sludge and freeze/ thawed sludge as determined by mainly specific resistance to filtration (SRF), dry solids content of sludge cake (DS), and capillary suction time (CST) parameters. The experimental studies were carried out with mixed sludge samples taken from a municipal wastewater treatment plant in Turkey. In chemical conditioning experiments, sludge samples were conditioned with different dosages of polymer using classical jar test method. In freeze/ thaw conditioning experiments, samples were frozen at -16.5 degrees C at different freezing rates and then thawed at 21 +/- 1 degrees C at different times in order to determine the effect of thawing time on dewatering performance. 25 mg/L polymer dose and 2.71 mm/h freezing rate were found to be optimum in terms of sludge conditioning. Rapid freezing that is higher than 8.13 mm/h could not sufficiently condition the sludge and there was no significant effect of thawing time on conditioning performance. Dewatering properties of chemically conditioned sludge and freeze/thawed sludge was determined as very close to each other. While CST and SRF reductions were calculated as 76% and 75%, respectively at 25 mg/L polymer dosage, 2.71 mm/h freezing rate application caused 79% and 76% reduction in CST and SRF, respectively.