Applicability of different textile materials in filtration process integrated with SBR for wastewater reuse in small settlements

Gunes S., AYOL A.

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.84, no.10-11, pp.3323-3333, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 84 Issue: 10-11
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.2166/wst.2021.416
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Analytical Abstracts, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.3323-3333
  • Keywords: domestic wastewater, filtration, reuse, small settlements, textile materials, wastewater treatment
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In recent years, research activities on water reuse applications have rapidly increased to manage natural water sources efficiently. Although these applications in centralized treatment systems can be effectively, there are some drawbacks including the economic factors for small settlements. In this study, a textile filtration unit with the integration of a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was developed and different textile materials were used to enhance the treated effluent quality for reuse purpose. While the textile filtration unit alone could not effectively remove the pollutants, the removal efficiencies could not exceed 36% for COD and 50% for BOD5. However, SBR integration to the filtration system improved the treated wastewater quality and COD and BOD5 reductions were obtained higher than 93%. Activated carbon coated cotton textile materials and activated carbon cloth, which was first time used for wastewater treatment, increased the treatment performances. In the filtration system, although the suspended solids were high in the SBR effluent, no clogging problem was observed even higher operation times. This paper presents the research results on this textile filtration system and experimental findings are discussed on the applicability of the system for small communities.