Relation of Early Mobility With Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Pain in Patients Undergoing Abdominal Surgery


Kasalar I., SARIGÖL ORDİN Y.

Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jopan.2023.11.001
  • Journal Name: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE, DIALNET
  • Keywords: abdominal surgery, gastrointestinal symptom, mobility, nursing, pain, postoperative
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of mobility with abdominal symptoms and pain in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Design: The study has a prospective, correlational design. Methods: The study sample included 130 patients who underwent abdominal surgery. Data were gathered with a sociodemographic and clinical features form, the Patient and Observer Mobility Scale, a patient mobility checklist, the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale, and the Numeric Pain Rating Scale. Higher scores on the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale show more severe symptoms (max scores: 21 on abdominal pain, 14 on reflux, 21 on diarrhea, 28 on distension, and 21 on constipation). The frequency of mobility and the severity of pain was evaluated from the postoperative first day until discharge. Gastrointestinal symptoms were evaluated on the postoperative seventh day. Findings: The mean time elapsing till the first postoperative mobility was 22.13 ± 0.57 hours. The mean score was 7.61 ± 0.19 on abdominal pain, 11.94 ± 0.23 on distension, 2.04 ± 0.32 on reflux, 5.02 ± 0.32 on diarrhea, and 4.65 ± 0.24 on constipation. As the difficulty in mobility increased, the frequency of patient mobility decreased, and pain severity increased. As the difficulty in mobility increased, so did the duration of abdominal pain, diarrhea, indigestion, reflux, and time elapsing until the first intestinal gas passed after surgery. As the frequency of mobility increased, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and time elapsing till the first intestinal gas after surgery decreased. Conclusions: The results of the study showed that increased mobility had a positive relationship with the reduction of gastrointestinal symptoms and pain. Therefore, interventions directed toward increasing patient mobility should be performed.