Interrelations among Regulation Focus, Authenticity and Emotional Responses to Frustration of Self-Related Experiences among University Students in Turkey


AKFIRAT S., Gul A., YETİM Ü.

CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY, vol.35, no.1, pp.99-107, 2016 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12144-015-9370-6
  • Journal Name: CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.99-107
  • Keywords: Self-Frustration, Emotions, Prevention focus, Promotion focus, Authenticity, RELATIONAL SELF, CONCEPTUALIZATION, INDIVIDUATION, PERSONALITY, APPRAISAL, DISTINCT, CULTURE, ESTEEM, NEED
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the possible interrelation of regulatory focus, authenticity and negative emotional responses to the frustration that surrounds relational and independent self-aspects in Turkey, both of which are witnessing a rise among the educated-urbanized population. Previous findings show that both independent self-aspects and relational self-aspects may be experienced authentically, while authenticity of self appears to be associated more closely with promotion focus than prevention focus. We proposed a model in which authenticity mediates the relationship between promotion focus and emotional responses to independent and related self-frustration, while prevention focus directly predicts emotional responses to relational self-frustration, and promotion focus directly predicts emotional responses to independent self-frustration. The proposed model is tested on self-reported data collected from Turkish university students (N = 317). The results reveal that promotion focus was a direct predictor of emotional responses to frustration of the independent self-aspect, while prevention focus predicted directly the emotional responses to frustration of the relational self-aspect. Authenticity was found to mediate the relationship between promotion focus and the emotional responses to frustration of the relational self-aspect. These results suggest that relational goals, such as safeguarding the interests of significant others, may be regulated not only with prevention strategies, but also with promotion strategies, through perceived authenticity.