Enthalpy-driven selective loading of CdSe0.75S0.25 nanoalloys in triblock copolymer polystyrene-b-polyisoprene-b-polystyrene


Askin G., Cecen V., Unluturk S. S., Ozcelik S., Demir M. M.

MATERIALS TODAY COMMUNICATIONS, vol.8, pp.91-99, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.mtcomm.2016.06.004
  • Journal Name: MATERIALS TODAY COMMUNICATIONS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.91-99
  • Keywords: Block copolymer, Polymer nanocomposites, Quantum dots, Selective loading, FUNCTIONAL BLOCK-COPOLYMERS, NANOPARTICLE COMPOSITES, POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES, PHASE-BEHAVIOR, DIBLOCK COPOLYMERS, CDS NANOPARTICLES, HYBRID MATERIALS, MORPHOLOGY, MIXTURES, FABRICATION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

CdSe0.25S0.25 nanoalloys were blended with asymmetric triblock copolymer of polystyrene-bpolyisoprene-b-polystyrene(PS-SIS) in tetrahydrofuran. The fraction of styrene block varies from 14 to 22% with respect to isoprene by mass. The morphology of the copolymer cast film experiences a phase change from cylinder to lamella. CdSe0.25S0.25 nanoalloys were prepared by two-phase method. The surface of the nanoalloys was capped by either oleic acid (OA) or n-tri-octylphosphonic acid (TOPO) in situ. The mean diameter of the alloyed particles is around 12 nm in both systems. The chemical nature of the nanoalloy surface was found to influence the dispersion of the particles over polymer volume. The size of the nanoalloy domains in PS is 50 nm, on average, consisting of approximately 0.7 wt% nanoalloys. However, the size of the nanoalloy domains is smaller when they are loaded into PS-SIS. The structure formation is predominantly determined by enthalpic compatibilization. Atomic force microscopy results suggest that the nanoalloys capped with TOPO sequester into PS-rich domains and enlarge the domain. On the other hand, the ones capped with OA prefer to locate in polyisoprene domains. The increase of particles over 1.0 wt% distorts the lamella structure. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.