Cultural heritage management: What it aims, what kind of conservation process it defines?


ALTINÖRS ÇIRAK A.

MEGARON, vol.17, no.1, pp.183-194, 2022 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/megaron.2021.58219
  • Journal Name: MEGARON
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.183-194
  • Keywords: Integrated conservation, process, cultural heritage management, concept, method
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The scope of this study encloses conceptual and methodological research on the cultural heritage management approach through examining the participants, problem areas in the implementation process, methods, and tools. The paper is based on a literature review on the cultural management approach by focusing substantially on the approach's historical and conceptual backgrounds and methods. The research reveals that with the development of the cultural heritage management approach, the conservation concept has shifted from technical practice to a factor that increases the quality of life. Therefore, it is possible to perceive cultural heritage management as the most social and public form of conservation action. Cultural heritage management is an integrated conservation approach based on a management mechanism. The conservation efforts evolved from building-scale approaches to urban-scale and integrated conservation approaches. Besides, currently, the concept of conservation has gained more social content. Today, the conservation approach is accepted as an effort with both technical and social dimensions. To be evaluated together with those different dimensions in the conservation studies, there is a need to establish an integrated approach supported by a management function. It can be stated that almost a century of experience in the field of conservation has revealed that an integrated conservation process can only be achieved by establishing a management mechanism. There has been an increasing public awareness of cultural assets around the world (Smith, 1999). Recently, the questions such as; "Who do the cultural assets belong to? Who is responsible for their protection and management? How and for what purpose, the degree of protection and use are determined?" arise. The cultural heritage management approach is developed to answer all these inquiries from an interdisciplinary and comprehensive perspective. The approach is based on the international principles of conservation and the concept of the public good. As a result of the literature research, the main factors that have caused the formation of the cultural heritage management approach can be summarised as follows: