Factors affecting adult knowledge of diabetes in Narlidere Health District, Turkey

Gunay T., Ulusel B., Velipasaoglu S., ÜNAL B., Ucku R., Ozgener N.

ACTA DIABETOLOGICA, vol.43, no.4, pp.142-147, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00592-006-0230-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.142-147
  • Keywords: diabetes knowledge, adult, EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The objective was to determine the level of knowledge on diabetes in an adult population in Turkey. In this cross-sectional study, 524 people aged over 30 were selected from the population of Narlidere Health District, Izmir, Turkey. A questionnaire was performed to determine sociodemographic characteristics and knowledge of diabetes. Each item on the questionnaire was given a score with a possible final total of 100 points. Knowledge level was evaluated in the whole group, DM-positive and -negative groups. "DM-positive" group refers to respondents who either have diabetes themselves or whose relatives have it. "DM-negative" group refers to respondents who do not have diabetes themselves and whose relatives do not. In total, 479 people were included in the study (response rate=87.6%). The mean age of the study group was 50.2 +/- 12.8 and 61% of them were women. Mean diabetes knowledge scores were 62.9 +/- 17.9 for the study group, 68.3 +/- 16.1 for the "DM-positive" group and 60.6 +/- 18.2 for the "DM-negative" group. The "DM-negative" group had a significantly lower mean score than the other two groups. Overall, diabetes knowledge was higher in participants with diabetes or who had a relative with diabetes, who were educated for more than 5 years and who had health insurance. The diabetes knowledge of the study group was not satisfactory. Diabetics and people who have relatives with diabetes had a higher knowledge level than the population without diabetes. Detailed information regarding diabetes should be provided to not only diabetics, but also the population as a whole.