Anxiety levels and methods of coping with stress of adolescents undergoing their first gynecological examination


DEMİREL G., ERTEKİN PINAR Ş., BİLGİÇ D.

JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY, vol.41, no.2, pp.131-136, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/0167482x.2019.1643314
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.131-136
  • Keywords: Adolescent, anxiety, coping with stress, gynecological examination, women, WOMENS EXPERIENCES
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: The present study was conducted to assess the anxiety levels and the methods of coping with the stress of adolescents who underwent their first gynecological examination.Methods: The sample of this descriptive study consisted of 223 married or single adolescent women who went to a state hospital in Sivas Province in Turkey for their first gynecological examination. The data were collected by face-to-face interviews with the Personal Information Form, the State Anxiety Inventory (SAI) and the Ways of Coping Inventory (WCI).Results: There was a statistically significant negative correlation between the SAI scores, and the self-confident approach (r=-0.305; p=0.001) and optimistic approach (r=-0.170; p=0.011) of the WCI subscales. A statistically significant positive correlation was found between SAI scores, and the desperate approach (r=0.153; p=0.022) and submissive approach (r=0.143; p=0.032).Conclusion: Adolescent women who underwent their first gynecological examination have moderate levels of anxiety and their coping with stress styles are ineffective. As anxiety levels increase, they use more ineffective methods.