An Analysis of State-Civil Society Relations in Finland: A Case of Joensuu

Cepel Z.

VOLUNTAS, vol.23, no.2, pp.328-349, 2012 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11266-011-9199-z
  • Journal Name: VOLUNTAS
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.328-349
  • Keywords: State-civil society relations, Welfare system Joensuu, Finland, VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Theoretical researches have argued that state-civil society relations differ from one country to another because of different economic, political, and socio-cultural factors. This article aims to show civil society's role in the Finnish welfare state and how the state and the civil society affect each other in Joensuu, a 72,167 populated Finnish city. Joensuu case is analyzed from the theoretical perspectives of Esping-Andersen (The three worlds of welfare capitalism, 1990), Young (Nonprofit Volunt Sector Q 29:149-172, 2000), and Schofer and Fourcade-Gourinchas (Am Sociol Rev 66: 806-828, 2001) by taking into account interviews with 13 members of voluntary organizations in the city. In the light of the field work, the argument is based on the negative impact of welfare system's transformation process on nongovernmental organizations in Joensuu, Finland.