A Parametric Study Using Numerical Modelling to Assess the Stability of Marble Quarries

ARSLAN A. T., KAHRAMAN B., ÖZFIRAT M. K., Fruehwirt T., Yildizdag K., Kose H.

ISRM European Rock Mechanics Symposium (EUROCK), Ostrava, Czech Republic, 20 - 22 June 2017, vol.191, pp.646-655 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 191
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.05.228
  • City: Ostrava
  • Country: Czech Republic
  • Page Numbers: pp.646-655
  • Keywords: Open pit mine, Mohr-Coulomb parameters, Generalized Hoek-Brown Criterion, Finite element method, Slope stability, COULOMB STRENGTH PARAMETERS, BROWN FAILURE CRITERION, HOEK-BROWN, MOHR-COULOMB, ROCK SLOPES, CHARTS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Marble quarries, are located at 3 km southeast of the city of Afyon Iscehisar. The marble bed is lens shaped has a thickness of 300 meters. Iscehisar is on south of the city center and marble bed extends through NW-SE direction for 6 km long and 1.5 km wide. Present base elevation of Iscehisar marble quarry is at 1020 m and it is planned to be excavated down to 980 m elevation. The aim of this study is to determine the stability deep slopes at maximum depth (> 90 m) using numerical modelling. In the finite element method, generalized Hoek-Brown and Mohr-Coulomb failure criteria together with a jointed rock mass model are used. In marble quarries, particularly in this locations, the rock mass is severely affected by sliding blocks, caused by four intersecting joint sets. Stability analysis were conducted under static and dynamic conditions using Phase2 V.9.016 software. Shear Strength Reduction (SSR) technique that is built into the software used to determine the failure mechanisms and to suggest and the necessary controls to ensure the stability of the slopes. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd.