A comparative study on structural, morphological and photocatalytic properties of anodically grown ZnO nanowires under varying parameters


Ozdemir E. T., Kartal U., DİKİCİ T., EROL M., YURDDAŞKAL M.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS, vol.32, no.23, pp.27398-27408, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 23
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10854-021-07115-7
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.27398-27408
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires (NWs) were successfully produced on Zn plates through electrochemical anodization in potassium bicarbonate aqueous electrolytes with different production parameters in two groups as applied voltage and anodization time. Subsequently, the ZnO NWs were annealed at 300 degrees C for 1 h in air atmosphere to increase crystallinity and remove organic residues. Structural and morphological properties were determined through X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. The effect of anodization parameters on the structure of ZnO NWs and thus their photocatalytic activities were evaluated in detail by UV spectrophotometer. The results pointed out that, the most effective nanostructure on the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue was obtained in the sample that was anodized for 30 min under 30 V at room temperature with a degradation efficiency of 90.6% after 11 h. This result shows that the NW-structured ZnO materials are promising to be used as effective photocatalysts in the removal of organic pollutants by solar energy and their conversion to green compounds.