Species distribution and antifungal susceptibilities of dermatophytes during a one year period at a university hospital in Turkey

ÖZKÜTÜK A. A., Ergon C., Yulug N.

MYCOSES, vol.50, no.2, pp.125-129, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1439-0507.2006.01333.x
  • Journal Name: MYCOSES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.125-129
  • Keywords: dermatophytoses, dermatophytes, epidemiology, Turkey, antifungal susceptibility, IN-VITRO ACTIVITIES, MACRODILUTION, EPIDEMIOLOGY, DRUGS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Dermatophyte infections have been considered to be a major public health problem in many parts of the world. The aim of this study was to determine the causative agents of dermatophytoses and their antifungal susceptibilities in a Turkish University Hospital, west of Turkey. A total of 926 patients suspected to have dermatophytic lesions were examined over a period of 1 year (2001-2002). Samples collected from skin, hair and nails were submitted to direct microscopical examination using KOH and Calcofluor white stain, cultured on Sabouraud dextrose agar and Mycosel agar. The prevalence of dermatophytoses was 7.34% (68/926). Trichophyton rubrum was the most frequent dermatophyte isolated (56%) followed by T. mentagrophytes (38%), T. violaceum (1.5%), T. verrucosum (1.5%), Microsporum canis (1.5%) and Epidermophyton floccosum (1.5%). Tinea pedis (47%) was the most common type of infection, followed by tinea unguium (29%), tinea inguinalis (15%), tinea corporis (7.4%) and tinea capitis (1.6%). Secondary, we have tested 68 strains of dermatophytes against four antifungal agents following mainly the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards M38-P standard for filamentous fungi. In general, all antifungals were shown to be highly effective and itraconazole and naftifine appeared more active than ketoconazole and oxiconazole.