Effect of Polypropylene Fiber Cross Sectional Shapes on Some Structural/Mechanical Fiber Properties and Compressibility Behaviour of Plain Knitted Fabrics

Kara Ş., Erdoğan Ü. H., Erdem N.

FIBERS AND POLYMERS, vol.13, no.6, pp.790-794, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12221-012-0790-8
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.790-794
  • Keywords: Fiber cross section, Compression, Polypropylene fiber, Knitted fabric, Fiber structure
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Synthetic fibers are generally produced with circular cross sectional shapes. Other cross sectional shaped fibers such as trilobal, triangular, hollow and pentagonal fibers are also produced to improve some properties of fibers and fabrics such as lustre, handle, wicking rate, strength, stiffness and bulkiness. In this research we aimed to investigate compressional behaviours of fabrics knitted from polypropylene fibers having three different cross sectional shapes; namely circular, trilobal and triangular. Morphological, structural and mechanical properties of produced fibers were evaluated by using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, differential scanning calorimetry and tensile tester, respectively. In terms of structural and mechanical properties, no significant differences were found related to fiber cross sectional shapes. Then, plain knitted farbrics were produced and compressional properties of these fabrics were investigated. Fabrics knitted from trilobal fibers showed the highest compressibility properties and it is followed by fabrics which are produced from triangular and circular fibers.