Geometrical and mechanical modelings of dry relaxed slack plain knitted fabrics for the benefit of technical textile applications part II: Mechanical modeling induced by friction

Kurbak A.

TEXTILE RESEARCH JOURNAL, vol.87, no.7, pp.853-864, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 87 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0040517516641359
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.853-864
  • Keywords: dry relaxed, friction, mechanical model, physical model, plain knitted fabric, THEORETICAL-ANALYSIS, LOOP CONFIGURATION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In this work, based on the geometrical model given in Part I, a mechanical model is created for dry relaxed slack plain knitted technical fabrics including the three-dimensional friction effects. The equilibrium of forces and moments applied on a loop are written by using the elasticity theory of thin rods. Through this model, it is shown that a dry relaxed plain knitted fabric can be in a stable state induced by friction. The application of the model was carried out on E-glass technical fabric, which was also used in Part I as its dimensional properties were obtained through the created geometrical model. In the current part, Part II, the mechanical properties of this fabric are obtained and discussed as an exemplary application.