Psychometric Properties of the Spiritual Care Needs Scale for the 9–18 Age Group in Turkey

ÖZDEMİR E. Z., Özdemir T., BEKTAŞ M.

Journal of Religion and Health, 2023 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10943-023-01920-6
  • Journal Name: Journal of Religion and Health
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, Periodicals Index Online, ATLA Religion Database, CINAHL, Index Islamicus, Psycinfo
  • Keywords: Children, Nursing, Reliability, Spiritual care, Validity
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


This methodological study aimed to establish the validity and reliability of the Spiritual Care Needs Scale in the 9–18 age group within the Turkish context. Expert opinions were considered in the analysis of the study, which was completed with the participation of 840 children. The content validity index and Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were examined, along with the results of the Shapiro–Wilk normality test and the explanatory and confirmatory factor analyses. The scale had 21 items under two subdimensions: “meaning and hope” and “caring and respect.” According to the EFA, the scale explained 57.5% of the total variance. The meaning and hope subdimension explained 53.3% of the total variance, whereas the care and respect subdimension explained 4.16%. The total Cronbach’s alpha value of the scale was 0.96, and the fit indexes were as follows: X 2 = 513.807, df = 184, X 2/df = 2.792, RMSEA = 0.065, GFI = 0.89, IFI = 0.94, NFI = 0.91, TLI = 0.93, CFI = 0.94, AGFI = 0.87, and GFI = 0.89. Therefore, the Spiritual Care Needs Scale is a valid and reliable measurement tool for the 9–18 age group in the Turkish population.