Fear, Perceived Threat, and Anxiety During COVID-19 Pandemic: The Mediating Role of Cognitive Control/Flexibility and Intolerance of Uncertainty COVID-19 Pandemisinde Korku, Algılanan Tehdit ve Kaygı: Bilişsel Kontrol/Esneklik ve Belirsizliğe Tahammülsüzlüğün Aracılık Rolü

Akgül Ö., UZGAN B. Ö., Tetİk M., Aykaç C.

Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi, vol.35, no.1, pp.24-33, 2024 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.5080/u27017
  • Journal Name: Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.24-33
  • Keywords: Algılanan Tehdit, Anxiety, Belirsizliğe Tahammülsüzlük, Bilişsel Kontrol, Cognitive Control, COVID-19, COVID-19, Esneklik, Flexibility, Kaygı, Perceived Threat, İntolerance To Uncertainty
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between fear of COVID-19, perceived threat of COVID-19, anxiety, cognitive control/flexibility, and intolerance to uncertainty. In addition, the mediating role of cognitive control/flexibility and intolerance to uncertainty were investigated. Method: 224 volunteers aged between 18-55 years were included in the study. Cognitive Control and Felxibility Scale, Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, Fear of COVID-19 Scale, Perceived COVID-19 Threat Form and Beck Anxiety Scales were administered to all participants via an online environment. In this context, Pearson correlation, linear regression, and mediation analyzes were performed. Results: There were significant relationships among Cognitive Control and Flexibility, Intolerance of Uncertainty, Beck Anxiety, fear of COVID-19, perceived COVID-19 threat (p<0,01). Linear regression analysis showed that the Beck Anxiety Scale, Intolerance of Uncertainty and Cognitive Control/ Flexibility Scale scores significantly predicted fear of COVID-19 and the perceived threat of COVID-19 (p<0,001). In addition, mediation analysis revealed that intolerance to uncertainty and cognitive control/flexibility are mediating factors between anxiety and the perceived threat of COVID-19 (p<0,01). Conclusion: There is a relationship between fear of COVID-19 and perception of threat, anxiety, intolerance of uncertainty, and cognitive control mechanisms. In accordance with these findings, psychosocial support and therapy programs can be created based on cognitive control/flexibility and intolerance of uncertainty in order to increase the mental health well-being of individuals.