The Genetics of Asymmetry: Whole Exome Sequencing in a Consanguineous Turkish Family with an Overrepresentation of Left-Handedness

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Ocklenburg S., Barutcuoglu C., Ozgoren A. O., Ozgoren M., Erdal E., Moser D., ...More

SYMMETRY-BASEL, vol.9, no.5, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/sym9050066
  • Journal Name: SYMMETRY-BASEL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: handedness, hemispheric asymmetries, genetics, ontogenesis, consanguineous marriage, POTASSIUM CHANNEL, GLYCOSYLATION, GENOME, CELLS, ASSOCIATION, POPULATION, DISCOVERY, LRRTM1, PCSK6, HAND
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Handedness is the most pronounced behavioral asymmetry in humans. Genome-wide association studies have largely failed to identify genetic loci associated with phenotypic variance in handedness, supporting the idea that the trait is determined by a multitude of small, possibly interacting genetic and non-genetic influences. However, these studies typically are not capable of detecting influences of rare mutations on handedness. Here, we used whole exome sequencing in a Turkish family with history of consanguinity and overrepresentation of left-handedness and performed quantitative trait analysis with handedness lateralization quotient as a phenotype. While rare variants on different loci showed significant association with the phenotype, none was functionally relevant for handedness. This finding was further confirmed by gene ontology group analysis. Taken together, our results add further evidence to the suggestion that there is no major gene or mutation that causes left-handedness.