The relation between the lumbar vertebrae and the spinal nerves for far lateral lumbar spinal approaches


Guevencer M., Naderi S., KİRAY A., YILMAZ H. S., Tetik S.

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE, vol.15, no.2, pp.192-197, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jocn.2006.12.001
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.192-197
  • Keywords: anatomy, lumbar far lateral approach, lumbar spine, lumbar nerve root, transverse process, intertransverse space, QUANTITATIVE 3-DIMENSIONAL ANATOMY, DISC HERNIATIONS, MICROSURGICAL ANATOMY, LOCATION, ROOTS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The far lateral approaches to the lumbar spine require accurate knowledge of regional anatomy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the course of the lumbar nerve roots and their relation to important bony landmarks. Seven adult male cadavers fixed with formaldehyde were used. Morphometric parameters, including the lumbar nerve root diameters, the angle between the nerve roots and the midline, the transverse process length, the inter-transverse process height and width, and the relation between the nerve roots and the transverse processes of the caudal vertebrae were measured. It was observed that the diameter of the nerve roots, and the angle between the nerve roots and the midline, and the distance between the nerve roots and the lateral edge of the superior articular process increased gradually from L1 to L5. The diameter of the nerve root was 4.9 +/- 0.5 mm for L1 and 7.5 +/- 1.0 mm for L5. The midline nerve root angle was 36.1 +/- 1.6 degrees mm for L1 and 40.4 +/- 1.4 degrees mm for L5. The distance between the nerve root and the lateral edge of the superior articular process was 6.5 +/- 1.0 mm for L1 and 11.4 +/- 1.6 mm for L5. The nerve roots crossed the transverse processes of the caudal lumbar vertebrae. The nerve roots of L1 and L2 crossed the transverse processes in their first two quarters, the L3 nerve root crossed the transverse process in its second, third or fourth quarters, and the L4 nerve roots crossed the L5 transverse process in its third and fourth quarter or even external to it. Descending toward the lower lumbar vertebrae, the diameter of the lumbar nerve root increases and the nerve roots exit the intervertebral foramen with a larger angle. The special relation between the nerve roots and the caudal vertebra transverse process should be remembered during far lateral lumbar spine approaches. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.