Site attenuation and source parameters on the North Anatolian Fault zone, eastern Turkey estimated from the aftershocks of 13 March 1992 Erzincan earthquake

Eyidogan H., Akinci A.

JOURNAL OF SEISMOLOGY, vol.3, no.4, pp.363-373, 1999 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Doi Number: 10.1023/a:1009833925675
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.363-373
  • Keywords: earthquake source parameters, regional and site attenuation, source spectrum, spectral fall-off rate, STRONG GROUND MOTION, SOURCE SPECTRUM, FREQUENCY, WAVES, ACCELERATION, MEXICO, MODEL, SHAPE, BASIN, FMAX
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No


Site attenuation and source characteristics of 45 aftershocks of the 13 March 1992 Erzincan, eastern Turkey earthquake have been determined from SH-wave spectra using a least-squares best-fit method. Although the most of the seismograms were recorded on the ophiolitic rock sites and the average regional attenuation correction of Q(s)(f) = 35 f(0.83) was applied, the high fall-off rates gamma ranging between 3.0 and 4.5 beyond the corner frequencies of 8-13 Hz were observed on the SH spectra. The site attenuation value, kappa, has been calculated from the slope of the high frequency part of the SH spectra. It was found that kappa varied in the range of 0.0124-0.0364 s and the average was 0.0246 s with a standard deviation of 0.0047 s. The high fall-off rates of observed spectra have decreased considerably as a result of site attenuation corrections and converged to an average value of 2.3. We concluded that the high fall-off rates of SH wave spectra are mainly controlled by highly deformed Miocene ophiolitic formations which covers a wide area in the North Anatolian Fault zone in the vicinity of Erzincan region. Using the spectra that were corrected for regional and site attenuation, and assuming a Brune's source model; seismic moment, source radius, and stress-drops of the aftershocks were computed. We found that stress-drops for some of the aftershocks in Erzincan area have slightly decreased after removal of site attenuation over SH wave observed spectra.