New laws and molecular genetic tests: Review

Arisoy Y., ERESEN YAZICIOĞLU Ç., Oezbek V. O.

TURKIYE KLINIKLERI TIP BILIMLERI DERGISI, vol.28, no.2, pp.178-181, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.178-181
  • Keywords: legislation & jurisprudence, molecular biology, preimplantation diagnosis
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Following the approval of the Convention of Human Rights and Biomedicine on December 2003, the new Turkish Penal Code and Code of Criminal procedure that were fundamentally changed were effectuated on June 2005. A regulation for molecular genetic investigations was not present in the past; however, incontrovertible provisions concerning this kind of investigations have been included in the rearranged Code of Criminal Procedure and the code of body examination with the approval of the convention of Biomedicine. According to the new legislation, in vitro fertilization will only be possible under the condition of ensuring the survival of the generated embryo. Molecular genetic investigations, if they are indispensable, may only be performed upon the decision of a judge to determine genealogy relationships or the person to whom the samples belong to. These investigations have to be performed by the health care personnel. The taken samples can not be investigated for other purposes. The information obtained through the investigations is personal data that can not be revealed and these data can not be kept after the expiration date of the legal process. Due to these changes, regulations concerning molecular genetic investigations and the foundation of a DNA bank became compulsory.