Dry deposition measured with a water surface sampler: a comparison to modeled results

Shahin U., Holsen T., ODABAŞI M.

ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT, vol.36, no.20, pp.3267-3276, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 20
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s1352-2310(02)00315-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3267-3276
  • Keywords: dry deposition, nitric acid, ammonia, water surface sampler, mass transfer coefficient, POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS, LAKE MICHIGAN, SURROGATE SURFACES, VELOCITIES, PARTICLES, EXCHANGE, SULFATE, AMMONIA, FLUXES
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, a water surface sampler (WSS) and a knife-leading-edge surrogate surface (KSS) covered with both a Nylasorb filter, and a greased strip were used to directly measure nitrate, sulfate, and ammonium dry fluxes in Chicago between May and October 1997. Concurrently, an annular denuder system was used to measure the ambient concentration of gaseous nitric acid, sulfur dioxide, and ammonia gases. Water evaporation and relative humidity were also simultaneously measured. The measured fluxes and ambient concentrations were used to calculate the mass transfer coefficients of all four species.