Ketoprofen-induced cyclooxygenase inhibition in renal medulla and platelets of rats treated with caffeine


Sommerauer M., ATEŞ M., Guhring H., Brune K., Amann R., Peskar B.

PHARMACOLOGY, vol.63, no.4, pp.234-239, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 63 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000056139
  • Journal Name: PHARMACOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.234-239
  • Keywords: caffeine, cyclooxygenase, kidney, ketoprofen, real-time RT-PCR, prostaglandin, thromboxane, PROSTAGLANDIN SYNTHESIS, ANALGESIC NEPHROPATHY, ADENOSINE RECEPTORS, ASPIRIN, DRUGS, ACID, POTENTIATION, THEOPHYLLINE, PHARMACOLOGY, ANTAGONISTS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No

Abstract

It has been suggested that caffeine can augment analgesic activity and aggravate side effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), The aim of the present study was to investigate a possible interaction between ketoprofen and caffeine on prostaglandin (PG) biosynthesis and cyclooxygenase (COX) mRNA expression in the rat renal medulla ex vivo. Treatment of rats with ketoprofen (60 min before) resulted in a dose-dependent (estimated ID50 0.3 mg/kg p.o.) reduction of PGE(2) biosynthesis in renal medulla ex vivo. Ketoprofen (0.3 mg/kg)-induced inhibition of PGE(2) biosynthesis was stable between 30 and 180 min and still detectable 300 min after drug administration. Caffeine (10 mg/kg) did not cause a detectable effect on its own, nor did it significantly affect ketoprofen-induced inhibition of renal medullary PGE(2) biosynthesis. Similar results were obtained with repeated daily drug administration for 1 week: there was no significant effect of caffeine on ketoprofen-induced inhibition of renal medullary PGE(2) biosynthesis. The absence of significant caffeine effects on ketoprofen-induced inhibition of renal medullary PGE(2) biosynthesis was paralleled by experiments showing no significant effect of caffeine on ketoprofen-induced inhibition of platelet thromboxane (TX)B-2 biosynthesis. Additional experiments showed increased COX-2 mRNA expression in the renal medulla 60 min after ketoprofen administration, that was not significantly influenced by concomitant caffeine treatment. Treatment of rats with ketoprofen for 1 week had no significant effects on COX-2 mRNA expression. The present results show that ketoprofen caused inhibition of PGE(2) biosynthesis in the rat renal medulla ex vivo with a potency similar to that reported for in vivo models suggesting that the ex vivo approach is a valid model to test a possible interference of caffeine with ketoprofen-induced COX inhibition. The absence of detectable effects of caffeine on time course or magnitude of ketoprofen-induced suppression of PGE(2) biosynthesis in this model indicates, therefore, that possible adverse actions of co-administered caffeine on renal function are not related to interference with renal COX inhibition. Copyright (C) 2001 S.Karger AG, Basel.